Policy and Guidelines

Collection of blood only from Voluntary Non‐remunerated Blood Donors.

• Screening of Transfusion Transmitted Infection tests of every blood units.

• Rational use of blood/blood components.

National blood policy

“Ensuring the safety and availability of blood and blood products is an essential public health  responsibility. Measures to ensure blood safety also play a major role in preventing the transmission of HIV, hepatitis, virus and other blood borne pathogens in health care settings.”

Consistent quality and safety in the provision and administration of blood and blood products cannot be achieved without a coordinated service with an appropriate national blood policy. A national blood policy is a formal statement of intent that addresses the key organizational, financial, technical and legal issues for the establishment and development of the national blood system.

      Affirm government commitment and support for the organization of an efficient, cost-effective and sustainable national    blood programme which defines:


Authority to implement the national blood policy.


Adequate, specific and sustainable funding with which an appropriate infrastructure, logistical resources and an   adequate number of trained staff can be provided.


Define the measures that will be taken to meet the transfusion requirements of the patient population through    the provision of adequate supplies of safe blood and blood products and their safe and rational use.


Define the strategy for promoting the safety and health of blood donors, the recipients of blood and blood    products, health care workers and the environment.


Establish the requirements for a quality system to maintain the    highest possible standards in all aspects of blood  transfusion.




A national blood transfusion Programme shall be developed to ensure establishment of non-profit integrated National and State Blood Transfusion Services in the country.


National Blood Transfusion Council (NBTC) shall be the policy formulating apex body in relation to all matters pertaining to operation of blood centres. National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) shall allocate a budget to NBTC for strengthening Blood Transfusion Service.


State/UT Blood Transfusion Councils shall be responsible for implementation of the Blood Programme at State/ UT level, as per the recommendations of the National Blood Transfusion Council.


Mechanisms for better co-ordination between NBTC and SBTCs shall be developed by the NBTC.


Mechanisms shall be developed to monitor and periodically evaluate the implementation of the National Blood Programme in the country.


The enforcement of the blood and blood products standards shall be the responsibility of Drugs Controller General (India) as per Drugs and Cosmetics Act/Rules, with assistance from identified experts.

                                              OBJECTIVES OF THE POLICY

To achieve the above aim, the following objectives are drawn:


To reiterate firmly the Govt. commitment to provide safe and adequate quantity of blood, blood components and blood products.


To make available adequate resources to develop and reorganise the blood transfusion services in the entire country.


To make latest technology available for operating the blood transfusion services and ensure its functioning in an updated manner.


To launch extensive awareness programmes for donor information, education, motivation, recruitment and retention in order to ensure adequate availability of safe blood.


To encourage appropriate clinical use of blood and blood products.


To strengthen the manpower through human resource development.




                      Criteria for Donors




18 to 65 years



More than 45 Kg.

Blood    Pressure


Systolic 100 -160 mm.

Diastolic 60-100 mm.



Not more than 37.5°C / 99.5 °F



Minimum 12.5 gm%